There are two main types of bed bug. The most common bed bugs are the Common bed bug, found in dwellings, and the Martin bug, which normally lives in birds’ nests but can bite people. Common Bed bugs are oval wingless insects, approximately 5mm long, with six legs and two antennae. They are red-brown in colour and flat in shape. Their colour turns to red/purple after a blood meal and they become more rounded in shape.

Where do they live?

Bed bugs hide themselves in mattresses, within bed

frames, under bed bases, within bed headboards, behind

loose wallpaper, within paintings, wall sockets, and

telephones. Also behind wall partitioning, suspended

ceilings, skirting boards, on clothing or furnishings, and

anywhere with a dark crack/crevice/seam providing harborage. The bed bugs like to stay close together. With frequent feeding, adults can live for up to 18 months. They breed by laying eggs that usually hatch after about 10 to 20 days. The bed bugs then grow through a series of stages. At each stage the bed bug needs to feed on blood, until they become adults after about nine to 18 weeks. A female bed bug can lay between 150 and 345 eggs in her life. The presence of bedbugs in a room can be detected by the following:

  1. 1)Blood spotting on bedding.

2) Brown excrement spots close to where they live and on bedding.

3) Whitish/opaque unhatched and hatched eggs.

  1. 4)In heavy infestations, a sweet almond smell is common.

Bed bugs will not travel too far from their host, but can move into adjacent rooms via interconnecting ducting/ spaces. The bed bugs are most likely to be transferred from place to place via infested linen, clothing, furniture and other articles. In hotels and hostels, housekeeping staff can unknowingly transfer bed bugs around the premises on all of the items mentioned above and guests can take bed bugs with them from hotel to hotel and eventually to their own home.

How can I get rid of Bed Bug and Bed Bug Treatment?

In hotels and hostels house-keeping staff should be trained to identify the signs of bed bug infestation and whilst cleaning rooms should be alert management to the possibility of infestation. Infested bedding and furnishings should be laundered in a hot wash, and care should be taken not to aid dispersal of the infestation via laundry baskets. In severe cases, items of furniture will require removal and burning.

It is difficult to treat bedbugs yourself,

should seek professional help


Bed Bugs and Bed Bug Treatment


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